We at Evergreen Publications feel proud to pay tribute to one of the Greatest Indian Researchers. The first person in Asia to obtain Nobel Prize for Physics was C.V Raman.
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who found that when light crosses a straightforward material, a portion of the diverted light changes frequency and abundance. Dr. C.V. Raman was born on 7 November, 1888 in a South Indian Brahmin family in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. His father’s name was Chandrasekhara Ramanathan Iyer who was a lecturer in Mathematics and Physics in a college in Vishakhapatnam. His mother’s name was Parvathi Ammal.
CV Raman qualified his 10th class at the age of 11 and also attended school on a scholarship at the age of 13. He was the Topper of the University of Madras with honours in physics from Presidency College at age of 16. His first research paper, on diffraction of light, was published in 1906 when he was still pursuing his graduation. He earned an M.A. degree from the same university with highest distinction in 1907. In the same journal that year his second paper was published on surface tension of liquids.
CV Raman discovered the evidence of the quantum nature of light, which later was known as Raman Effect in 1928.Each year, The National Science Day is celebrated on 28 February in India to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir CV Raman.
Raman is the Nobel Prize winner of Physics in 1930 and was the principal Asian individual to get a Nobel Prize in any part of science.
The Raman effect is used today to identify minerals, monitor manufacturing processes and detect diseases.
In the decade of 1920s,he carried his work and with the least infrastructure available he succeeded in his attempts. And in 1930, he was awarded Nobel Prize “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the Raman Effect”. In 1954, he was honoured with the highest Civilian Award, Bharat Ratna.
We salute his contributions made in the field of Science.