The Kargil War was fought between May 8, 1999, to July 26, 1999, against Pakistan intruders, who in the winters of 1998 transgressed into the Indian territory across the LoC.
Every year on July 26, Kargil Vijay Diwas marks India’s victory over Pakistan in the Kargil War. The day is dedicated to martyred soldiers who lost their lives for their country. The day is observed on July 26 every year in honour of the Kargil War Heroes. Indian and Pakistani armies fought the Kargil War in May-July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LoC). India
launched ‘Operation Vijay’ to clear the Kargil sector of infiltration by the Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants on the Indian side of the Line of Control.
Kargil Vijay Diwas History and Significance
Kargil Diwas Day marks the gallant victory of the Indian armed forces against Pakistani intruders between May-July 1999 in the Dras, Kargil and Batalik sectors of western Ladakh.
The Kargil war, in which the country lost more than 500 soldiers, was declared over on July 26, 1999, after Indian soldiers pushed back Pakistani troops, a bulk of them drawn from the neighbouring country’s Northern Light Infantry, from the captured peaks in Kargil. The day is observed as ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ to commemorate India’s victory.
History of 1999 Indo-Pakistan War
After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, relations between India and Pakistan were tense but the countries had avoided military conflict until Kargil War. However, during the 1990s, escalating tension and conflict owing to separatist activities in Kashmir, as well as the nuclear tests conducted by both countries in 1998 gave thrust to this impending conflict.
None of the countries wanted this war, in fact, they even signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, promising a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict. However, in the winter of 1998–1999, Pakistani Armed Forces’ elements sent Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, into the Indian territory across the line of control (LOC). This was code named as “Operation Badri”. This was done to weaken India’s military position in the area and sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh which would have led Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier and call for a settlement in the Kashmir dispute.